arete in the odyssey

Wikipedia. When the Argonauts arrived at the island, Arete and her husband received them and Medea hospitably. and find homework help for other The Odyssey questions at eNotes, Get an answer for 'What is the importance of arete in the Iliad?' TIP: See this excellent overview of Arête by philosophynow.org (which I use as a guidepost for the next section). This hints at the meaning of arete in Homeric times (800 BC). In simple English terms, we can say arete describes “being one’s best self and living up to one’s full potential” (or the equivalent when discussing places, things, and other concepts). [8], In short, all good qualities and virtues (inward and outward) have an underlying property of excellence, or arete. Penelope's arete, for example, relates to co-operation, for which she is praised by Agamemnon. So we can say “arete” encapsulates all these virtues. It is the “the aspect of the human condition that recognizes and acts upon potential and goodness in its truest, most exalted, and most excellent form.”. He thought that each virtue had a balance (mean) and each had two related vices which were expressed by a deficiency or excess of virtue.

The opposite of virtue is described instead as vice. The Odyssey has many different archetypes that are still relevant in literature, film art, and theater. See an overview of the concepts of Plato’s Republic. Please cite specific examples of arete in The Iliad and ... What is the importance of arete in the Iliad? Doing good for others and healing pain, because it is right, not seeking lower things just because they feel good. from somewhere northwest of the Black Sea, and absorbed and displaced the Minoan civilization in Greece. The Colchians arrived soon after in pursuit of Medea and demanded to take her back to face punishment for the death of her father, Aeëtes. Aristotle describes persuasion, politics, and influence as technologies with which one can achieve arete.[4].

Arete was a minor Greek goddess and therefore very little mythological background is known about her.

When a thing is in its perfect “balanced” state, its “best state,” perfectly mirroring its ideal form/essence, that thing is “quality,” it is a work of art, it has art, it is the arete of that thing.

If a knife cuts perfectly, as the perfect knife should do, it is being “excellent”. The term arete encompasses the related to telos (purpose), ethos (ethics), and the minor and major virtues. However, even Plato himself says that arete is not something that can be agreed upon. [5], Last edited on 28 September 2020, at 20:01, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arete_(mythology)&oldid=980844512, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 20:01. Plato wrote about arete in his Allegory of the Cave and other texts (circa 400 BC) where the term took on deeper meanings regarding truth and wisdom within one’s self. N.p., n.d. The term more-or-less describes one who values and acts in the pursuit of goodness and virtue over “lesser things” like money and sensual pleasure.

As you may be picking up on already, arete is a broad catch-all concept used by the Greeks of which there is no English equivalent (nor is there one definition in the Greek texts). Or, in terms of moral theory, “the aristocracy of virtues” works well. For she of herself is no wise lacking in good understanding, and for the women to whom she has good will she makes an end of strife even among their husbands. [1] In its earliest appearance in Greek, this notion of excellence was ultimately bound up with the notion of the fulfillment of purpose or function: the act of living up to one's full potential. In Greek mythology, Queen Arete (/əˈriːtiː/;[1] Ancient Greek: Ἀρήτη, "she who is prayed for") of Scheria was the wife of Alcinous and mother of Nausicaa and Laodamas. Aristotle.

Thus, arete is a “Quality,” it is “the Highest Good (the Summum Bonum),” an “art” (speaking very loosely, as in “the highest art” of a thing; such as what “High Art” tries to capture), an “Aristocracy of Virtues,” a “Highest Goodness,” “the Highest Potential”… a fundamental zest inherent in all things, unique in all things, and common in all things. Homer wrote about arete in the Iliad and Odyssey in relation to heroes. The story has become known as Hercules at the crossroads. Depicted in 'The Odyssey', this was a region in Greek mythology that was the last destination of Odysseus in his 10-year journey. Definition of arete: Arete is an idea from Greek philosophy that means "virtue", or "being the best you can be" or "being the ideal form of itself." In some contexts, Arete is explicitly linked with human knowledge, where the expressions "virtue is knowledge" and "Arete is knowledge" are used interchangeably. Since the perfect ideal good is not always achievable, just as “knowing” is a journey not a destination, the pursuit of excellence is arete in this sense. Excellence. See our page on essentialism vs. existentialism. See our, The Equal Rights Amendment Was Never Ratified, There is Already a Wall Between the U.S. and Mexico, There are Elections Each Year in the United States, Democrats are Responsible for Trump’s Immigration Policy, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams Died on July 4th 1826, Different Branches of the Military Use Different Battle Cries, Deductive Logic by St. George William Joseph Stock Explained, Friedrich A. Hayek’s The Road to Serfdom Explained, Capital in the Twenty-First Century By Thomas Piketty Explained, Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth Explained and Annotated, Lincoln’s Letter to Joshua Speed on Slavery and Know-Nothings Annotated and Explained, Oscar Wilde’s The Soul of Man Under Socialism Explained, The Main Differences Between Trump, Biden, and Bernie On HealthCare, Capitalism Works Because Capital is a Built in Incentive, Why People Call Left-Wingers “Commies” as an Insult, Forget Savings Accounts, You Can Get a Better Return With Funds, The Philosophy Behind the Types of Governments, Plato.

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