clash of civilizations essay pdf

Following Huntington identifies Western civilization and concludes that it does not represent modern civilization since the West was the West long before it was actually modern. This paradigm was based on the assumption that the end of the Cold War meant the end of significant conflict in global politics and the emergence of one harmonious world. epikthtos.egxeiridio - Unknown_text.pdf download. http://www.acpr.org.il/nativ/1999-6/barderxs.htm, http://www.thenation.com/doc/20011022/said, Civilizations Have Often Resulted in Dramatic Changes, Hispanic Spanish and Portugese Civilization History Has, Civilizations Have Often Resulted In Dramatic Changes, Hispanic Spanish And Portugese Civilization History Has, Diaz S Examination Of Culture Clashes And Identities, Clash of Civilizations - Samuel Term Paper. It stresses: the breakdown of governmental authority, the breakup of states, the intensification of tribal, ethnic, and religious conflict, the emergence of international criminal mafias, refugees multiplying into the tens of millions, the proliferation of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, the spread of terrorism, the prevalence of massacres and ethnic cleansing.

Huntington proposes that instead of classifying countries into first, second or third worlds, one should classify countries in terms of their civilization. The clash of civilizations thus occurs at two levels. Yet in politics a common enemy creates a common interest. Find out more about E-IR’s range of open access books here. The third paradigm is 184 States, More or Less. Barder, Christopher. In other words, Huntington (1993) viewed the cultures of various civilizations serving, Hispanic (Spanish and Portugese) Civilization

Said, Edward W. (2001). Third, the processes of economic modernization and social change throughout the world are separating people from longstanding local identities. Sorry, but downloading is forbidden on this website. Civilizations can and have reformed and renewed themselves. A general anti-Western coalition, however, seems unlikely in the immediate future. Huntington decided that the prudent thing to do would be to expand it into a book-length treatment in which he would explore more deeply and document more thoroughly the thesis he propounded in his article.

In Huntington’s (1993) essay “The Clash of Civilizations?” the political scientist posited that whereas nation states had been aligned previously on cultural terms in the past, in the coming years of the modern world these terms would become disjointed as various cultures emerged or re-asserted themselves. Peoples and countries with similar cultures are coming together. Huntington states: “Some attempt to emulate the West and join with the West; while other Confucian and Islamic societies attempt to expand their own economic and military power to resist and to balance against the West. NATIV, Retrieved March 31, 2008, at http://www.acpr.org.il/nativ/1999-6/barderxs.htm. The simple split between the European and the African cultures is relevant in this sense. – his name, his national origin, his suffering?

This, Huntington asserts, is the cultural reconfiguration of global politics. See figure 1.1 included within. The next World War, if there is one, will be a war between civilizations, Huntington concludes. Starting from World War I the arguments raised by nations were over an ideology: fascism vs. communism, communism vs. democracy. The second picture of the West is very different. Significant declines occurred in the proportion of people speaking English, French, German, Russian, and Japanese, that a smaller decline occurred in the proportion of people speaking Mandarin, and that increases occurred in the proportion of people speaking Hindi, Malay-Indonesian, Arabic, Bengali, Spanish, Portuguese, and other languages. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. Fifth, cultural characteristics and differences are less mutable and hence less easily compromised and resolved than political and economic ones.

Asian civilizations are booming both economically and in their military strength and the Muslim culture is spreading demographically, while the West is becoming increasingly preoccupied with its own internal problems such as crime, government deficits, drug abuse, and a declining work ethic. It will occur within three major characteristics. It is of a civilization in decline, its share of world political, economic, and military power going down relative to that of other civilizations.

Huntington also tries to establish the response nations will have to the West and to modernization. They believe the conflict of the future will occur along the cultural fault lines separating civilizations [1]. Islamic and Sinic civilizations differ fundamentally in terms of religion, culture, social structure, traditions, politics, and basic assumptions at the root of their way of life. The first is of overwhelming, triumphant, almost total Western dominance. At the end of the Cold War several “maps” were introduced as to how nation-states of the world would exist. In the Yugoslav conflicts, Russia provided diplomatic support to the Serbs, and Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Iran and Libya provided funds and arms to the Bosnians, not for reasons of ideology or power politics or economic interest but because of cultural kinship. Some people believe that the next step would be a war based on a cultural sense and religion. Nation states will still remain the most powerful actors in world affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations. Islam, Latin America and Africa all lack core states. The first is of One World. In the Clash of Rights, Huntington defends the second theory as the one, which best describes reality. At the micro-level, adjacent groups along the fault lines between civilizations struggle, often violently, over the control of territory and each other. He believes that as the power of the West gradually declines relative to that of other civilizations, the use of English and other Western languages in other societies and for communications between societies will slowly erode. On the northern border of Islam, conflict has increasingly erupted between Orthodox and Muslim peoples; including the carnage of Bosnia and Sarajevo, and the violence between Serbs and Albanians.

Huntington (1993) argues in his well-known theory about the clash of civilizations that the future conflicts in the world will be between civilizations, most especially along the fault lines of these civilizations. Available now on Amazon (UK, USA, Ca, Ger, Fra), in all good book stores, and via a free PDF download. M.J. Akbar, a Muslim author states “The next confrontation is definitely going to come from the Muslim world”. East Asian societies are well on their way to equaling the West economically. A Theological Perspective of the Clash of Civilizations Essay 7154 Words | 29 Pages. Samuel P. Huntington’s essay on the Clash of Civilizations can be summarized as a snapshot of the current state of political affairs of the world through the lens of western. The central issue for the West is whether, quite apart from any external challenges, it is capable of stopping and reversing the internal processes of decay.

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