It is also established in the Ohio River in Illinois (Burr, personal communication); it was listed as established in Minnesota (Courtenay et al. 1980; Burr and Warren 1986), the Illinois and upper Mississippi rivers of Illinois and Missouri (Raibley et al. Stone, M.D. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64:1723-1735. Some parasites of exotic fishes. University of Kansas Natural History Museum. The Grass Carp measured 47¾ inches in length and had a 30-inch girth. - New York Dept. Cudmore-Vokey, B., and E.J.
1996. Grass carp have elongated, chubby, torpedo-shaped body forms. Fuller, P.L. Nico, L.G., P.L. Known impact of exotic fishes in the continental United States. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information. Menhinick, E.F. 1991. It took him 2 hours before he could finally land his new state record. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. Carlton, eds. Page, L.M., and B.M. What about the white amur? Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. Collins. 1978. The Auburn stock came from Taiwan, and the Arkansas stock was imported from Malaysia (Courtenay et al. Research Document 2004/103. Hatch, and M. Sublette. The effects of acclimation on the salinity tolerance of grass carp.
Moyle, P.B. 1995), the Mississippi River or its tributaries in the states of Arkansas (Conner et al. Hocutt, R.E. Island Press. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71(7):992-999. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfas-2013-0537. However, Grass Carp acclimated to 3, 5, and 7 ppt had an upper tolerance of about 14 ppt (Kilambi and Zdinak 1980). California Department of Fish and Game Fish Bulletin, volume 178. Schofield, P.J., J.D. Effects of climate change on aquatic invasive species and implications for management and research [electronic resource]. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR. Drennan’s Jack Griffiths Brean Sands Win. Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5041. Rixon, C.A.M., I.C. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. Pages 158-174 in Parish, T.L., and S.H. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland. (1980) noted that oxygen consumption decreased along a salinity gradient of 0-9 ppt. Quality predictive models of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) at different temperatures during storage. Both authorized and unauthorized stockings of Grass Carp have taken place for biological control of vegetation. 1978. Aquaculture 322:128-133. The Philadelphia Inquirer, City & Region Section. Buchanan.
1984. Jenkins, P.M. Kocovsky, J.G. The first record of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, in Canadian waters. Luo.
Fish and Wildlife Service. Schofield, M.E.
Keys that include this species and photographs or illustrations were provided in most of the more recently published state and regional fish books (e.g., Robison and Buchanan 1988; Etnier and Starnes 1993; Jenkins and Burkhead 1994; Pflieger 1997). Journal of Fish Biology 16:171-175. 1979. Comparative distribution and invasion risk of snakehead (Channidae) and Asian carp (Cyprinidae) species in North America. Where grass carp populations are maintained through stocking as a biocontrol for noxious weeds, fishers are typically asked to return any caught to the water alive and unharmed. Martin Bowler recently landed possibly the biggest grass carp ever caught in the UK at 52lb 10oz, which came as part of six fish catch, all weighing over 37lb! Alan Scotthorne – Enjoying the practice sessions.
Crossman, E.J., S.J.
They feed on higher aquatic plants and submerged terrestrial vegetation, but may also take detritus, insects, and other invertebrates. 1983. DeVaney, S.C., K.M.
1983. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. Grass carp require long rivers for the survival of the eggs and very young fish. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2550. However, they also indicated that grass carp may directly influence other animals through either predation or competition when plant food is scarce. Jackson. Freshwater aquatic vertebrate introductions in the United States: patterns and pathways. Some of the agencies that have stocked grass carp in the past include the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the U.S. Herborg, L.-M., N.E. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM. Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Cross, D.G. 1993. Duggan, N.M.N. Taylor, J.N., W.R. Courtenay, Jr., and J.A. He indicated that effects are largely secondary consequences of decreases in the density and composition of aquatic plant communities. In their overview, Chilton and Muoneke (1992) reported that Grass Carp seem to affect other animal species by modifying preferred habitat, an indirect effect. Wittmann, M.E., C.L. 1980; Zimpfer et al. 2005. Table 1. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101(4):584-586. IUCN-World Conservation Union—Invasive Species Specialist Group. The fishes of Missouri. In 1996, the most recent available data, there was a record reported harvest, about 44,000 pounds, 8 percent of the total commercial fish harvest (J. W. Robinson, personal communication). The Peterson Guide Series, vol.  In the Southern Hemisphere, they have been introduced to Argentina, Venezuela, Fiji, New Zealand, Australia, and South Africa. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. Housel, J.D. comm.- Buffalo State College, Buffalo, NY. The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC. Nepszy, and P. Krause. Uses and effects of cultured fishes in aquatic ecosystems. Zhao, Z.G., S.L. Sigler and Sigler (1996) stated that this species is no longer found in Utah, but they provide no details. Fuller, P.J.
… Grass carp in the Great Lakes region: establishment potential, expert perceptions, and re-evaluation of experimental evidence of ecological impact. Hubert, W. 1994. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD. Oxygen consumption (per gram of body mass) increases with higher water temperature and decreases with fish age and mass (Chen and Shih 1955; Wozniewski and Opuszynski 1988).
The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. The first being a 16lb 11oz barbel, which was caught way back in 1999 from Adam’s Mill on the River Great Ouse. Unlike the other introduced fish brought to New Zealand, the potential value and impact of grass carp was investigated in secure facilities prior to their use in field trials. 27 January 2011. http://www.issg.org/database/, Guillory, V. and R.D. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 107:146-148. Hensley, J.N. The dorsal fin origin is anterior to the pelvic fin origin and it has a short caudal peduncle. 2003. American Fisheries Society Symposium 15. Asian carps of the genus Hypophthalmichys (Pisces, Cyprinidae) — a biological synopsis and environmental risk assessment. Workshop for Perfomance Standards for safely conducting research w/ genetically modified fish & shellf in Agricultureal Biotechnology Research Advisory Committee, Working Group on Aquatic Biotechnology and Environmental Safety. University of Madison Press, Madison, WI. 1987. The biggest carp on any state record list is a 75lb fish caught by Curtis Wade from Pelahatchie Lake in Mississippi back in 1963. Chapman, D.C., J.J. Davis, J.A. U.S. Nixon, D.E., and R.L. They indicated that numerous contradictory results are reported in the literature concerning Grass Carp interaction with other species. Maceina and Shireman (1980) showed that fingerlings reduce feeding at 9 ppt and stop feeding altogether at 12 ppt; thus, they predicted Grass Carpcould inhabit brackish water bodies up to 9 ppt.
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